On the plain of our region, the wild orchids related to natural meadows were much more widespread than today.

One of the factors that led to their rarefaction has been the change from an extensive agricolture, linked to the family economy type, to current one where agricolture is intensive and industrial. This model is the one that has been mainly used since the last post-war period. The decreasing of prairies has progressively reduced the presence of orchids and the abandonment of traditional practices of mowing, timber harvesting and grazing has favoured the shrub-encroachment of the few permanent meadows survived.

Most of the wild orchids that still survive in the plains are those related to peat bogs, wet meadows and dry grasslands.

Within the Life Project the launch of an experimental research to identify the techniques of in-vitro propagation and in-nursery acclimatization of seedlings belonging to orchids species peculiar of dry grasslands is foreseen. The in-vitro propagation currently offers the best chance of success compared to other techniques. For this reason, it is best to have technical experts for research, seeds collection and for the seeding on sterile substrates in conditioned environment. The acclimatization of seedlings will instead be carried out in the nursery managed by the Regional Service. The plants produced shall be transplanted on restored dry grasslands. Among the species subject of experimentation there are, as example: the Green-winged Orchid (Orchis morio), the Fragrant orchid (Gymnadenia conopsea), the Bee orchid (Ophrys apifera), l'orchide cimicina (Ophrys coriophora), the three-toothed orchid (Orchis tridentata), the military orchid (Orchis militaris), the lesser butterfly orchid (Platanthera bifolia) and the Long Lipped Serapis (Serapias vomeracea).

  2. monitoring
  3. management plans adoption
  4. seed harvesting
  5. uncultivated restoration
  6. scrub clearing and deforestation
  7. orchids propagation
  8. divulgation